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A Boeing 747-200 Home Project in America
Please bear with us for a brief time as we create a site preparation and transport logistics support structure for this site. (To be followed by a public information structure.)
Nothing compares to the exhilaration and satisfaction provided by an aerospace class home, and many people understand this instinctively. Humanity's current challenge is to devise efficient means and methods to economically site essentially complete retired jetliners as homes, making them much more commonly available. Elegantly executed projects using intact jetliners (except sans engines) are urgently needed to provide compelling models which can be easily emulated.
About three jetliners retire from active service every day. We believe they're a remarkable resource which is currently grievously underutilized. Perhaps these model projects will lead to a fundamental reconsideration - perhaps soon most retiring jetliners will enter a noble second life as superb homes, small businesses, or similar roles.
This is a daughter project which we hope will execute in 2018 at about the same time as the AirplaneHomeV2.com parent project in or near Miyazaki, Nippon. This project will likely utilize a Boeing 747-200 whereas the Airplane Home v2.0 project will likely utilize a Boeing 747-400.
We should be able to provide location notes for this project soon.
Bruce Campbell and James Byrd
The background step, an exercise in developing concepts and experience: AirplaneHome.com
Updated 25 November 2017
We hope to site two intact (except engines) retired Boeing 747 aircraft to serve as private homes and, for the American project, perhaps also provide individual guest rooms for short term BnB style lodging. The Miyazaki aircraft will provide frequent support for the community as well in the form of full press support, public tours, including student group tours, special events such as unique classes or social gatherings, and, my favorite, Concert on a Wing events, ultimately complete with choreographed aircraft illumination systems, including special dynamic adornments. The American project might provide some measure of community activity as well, but if so its magnitude is yet to be determined.
Both projects are full bird executions - except for engine removal (but not engine cowlings), the aircraft will remain completely intact and functional even though they'll never fly again. No salvage firm will be involved in any way at any time. In the case of the Miyazaki aircraft only the most minimal alterations will be made to the aircraft in the home transformation process - only those necessary to add domestic electrical outlets (but using safe and modern IEC-320 type outlets such as found on current IT equipment - no obsolete NEMA type will be utilized), add full capacity 60 Hz to 400 Hz power converters, add one or two shower rooms and associated plumbing, and add a minimal array of domestic appliances and furnishings. Also most native incandescent bulbs will be replaced with 28 Vdc capable LED bulbs (using the original sockets of course). In the case of the American project alterations might be modestly more extensive so as to provide suitable support for lodging guests and address other goals.
But in both cases a primary goal is to retain the full scintillating aerospace tech core spirit and environment of the birds and allow it to dominate. So the Miyazaki aircraft will be modified in only the most minimal manner practical, although the American aircraft might be more significantly modified. In both cases most passenger seats will be removed (perhaps very roughly 75% of them) to create a far more spacious interior experience, and some furnishings will be installed. But otherwise the Miyazaki aircraft will look and feel almost entirely like the usual aircraft we all board from time to time, as will the American aircraft in modestly reduced measure.
We feel very strongly about these projects - we're convinced the need and opportunity to efficiently execute compelling models for use of these magnificent aerospace castles is long overdue. And we're fortunate to have sufficient financial resources to complete these two projects. But we hope the projects will lead to something of a global human epiphany - a common realization that there are far better and surprisingly straightforward means of utilizing a truly great resource we've been woefully wasting for decades. And in keeping with that dream we'll vigorously explore potential means to utilize far more aircraft (especially 747s) in similar roles as soon as practical.
For example we hope to demonstrate such compelling full bird home results that airlines may wish to consider the value of preserving their original livery in a mutually beneficial partnership which trades favorable aircraft acquisition terms for the substantial promotional benefits the firm would realize from a project. For more about this please see: A Pitch to Airlines With Retiring 747-400s
More Detailed Project Notes:
The remainder of this home page is a currently just a copy of material posted at Airplane Home v2.0. Please bear with us as we update, revise, and refine this material to better describe each project. To wit:
Our team is currently studying a modest set of site location and logistics options. Areas in Shintomi and Nichinan have progressed to the level of initial conversations with local officials. And we've studied Oita Airport and its surrounding area as a potential site for transferring the aircraft from an airport to a barge or similar ship (the initial exploration and bulk of the Oita study and an important transport study were performed by superbly capable team member Ueda-san). These are exploratory conversations and studies - fully thorough studies have not been completed, nor have overall logistics selection decisions been made, nor draft proposals composed, and no commitments have been made by any parties. However, important preliminary work is progressing.
Land adjacent to Shintomi Airport appears to offer the easiest transport logistics at this time. It's very straightforward and very likely very economical since the aircraft can simply land at the airport and then be towed to an adjacent or nearby final site by a rather ordinary towing vehicle. A fence would have to be dismantled and then rebuilt, a very low cost element. Otherwise no special nor expensive transport elements are required. Shintomi's regular fighter jet flights are noisy but also fascinating - they are extreme performance aircraft and, viewed with a peacetime perspective, quite inspiring. The environment is rural and beautiful, and may be relatively salt air free.
Personally I find Shintomi very appealing. And I believe the site offers an important civic opportunity: The 747 home could be used as a very engaging venue to connect citizens with SDF members in a unique environment. An obvious possibility is regular "Party with the Jet Pilots" days in which citizens and students of all ages are free to socialize with SDF people in the 747 home, creating friendships and understanding of our mutual interest in maintaining peace in a complex world. A robust connection of trust and understanding between citizens and the SDF is of course very important for the country, and the 747 home should be utilized as another tool to nurture that connection. My hope is that Shintomi Airport people will find Concert on a Wing events appealing enough to attend many of them too, and thus leverage another opportunity to nurture connections with citizens.
Three separate sites in Nichinan are also being explored at this time. My first impression is that the southern most site, Nango Town District Port, is the only one which is practical for transport logistics. It's an intriguing site in a broad ocean port area yet essentially within Nango city, and on relatively high ground and thus highly visible to a significant portion of Nango's residents, businesses, and port traffic. It's also adjacent to a small public park. So it offers quite unique advantages and deserves further study. The aircraft would have to be barged to the site though (perhaps from Oita Airport), and thus transport would be more complex and expensive. But this site offers a more intimate connection to a small city than others and is thus quite interesting. In my view beautification of the site and surrounding area would enhance the popularity of the 747 home to the city's citizens - if well rendered the site and surrounding area might become quite popular as a place for individuals and families to relax, socialize, and in some measure recreate. My sense is that development of the area would require an extended period of time (due primarily to ordinary civic budget limitations), but it has sound fundamentals and thus considerable potential.
Currently we face four fundamental challenges:
1. We must illustrate all aspects of the project to the bureaucracy and all interested people in a manner which inspires confidence, excitement, and a clear sense of value - we must provide a compelling story which convinces almost everyone that the project will be executed very well and will be good for the community and its people, and thus deserves their support.
2. A home site must be located and secured - we must find and purchase suitable land for the home. It must be barge accessible, or have a clear towing path to a barge accessible location. And ideally have offshore prevailing winds. Then we must design and build landing gear support pillars with a tsunami related tethering system, retractable access stairs and ramps, and electrical, water, and sewer service stanchions on the home site.
3. An aircraft must be found, secured, and flown to an airport in Kyushu. Then its flammable or toxic fuel and hydraulic fluids must be well drained, its engines, removed by proper service procedure (unless old and thus of no flight value), and engine conduits sealed. (A nontoxic substitute fluid should replace the original hydraulic fluid.)
4. We must devise transport and site preparation logistics which will be safe, efficient, economical, reliable, minimally inconvenient to others, and minimally damaging to the environment. And those logistics must inspire exceptionally high confidence in Airport officials. We must then execute the move flawlessly.
It's a big project. But we can do these things.
I had more than sufficient liquid assets to fund the project in late 2014, including contingency funding, but subsequent personal stock investment losses rendered me unable to simply purchase an aircraft and land outright with cash. However in 2017 I substantially restored my asset positions so once again I'm able to execute this project with cash. I'm still eager to create a partnership with an interested airline but that's no longer required to execute this project. Nonetheless we must avoid monetary waste in part because efficiency of execution is a very important element of establishing credibility for this vision.
I'm highly confident that an efficiently and elegantly executed project will prove to be a superb use of money and trust - I believe all partners will be very happy with the benefits they derive from any resources dedicated to this project.
I also believe very deeply in the fundamental value of the project - I feel it's strikingly worthy in many important respects and might spawn a new global industry. And I believe I can articulate the many positive elements of the story well and reasonably dispel concerns (demo Eigo de dake - futsu wa Nihongo de dekinai, sumimasen).
However, nothing about this project will be easy. But we all seek to associate with something special in life - connections with unique and exciting projects or adventures give us a profoundly necessary sense of accomplishment, dignity, and fulfillment - they enable us to breathe with a sense of pride. So as we struggle with tough challenges, we'll know in our hearts that the effort required to tenaciously forge them into successes will be well worth it.
But I don't mean to portray the project as more difficult than it actually is. Viewed in basic terms, we must simply fly a 747-400 to Miyazaki Kuukou, drain its fluids and remove its engines, tow it onto a barge, sail the barge to a home site, tow the aircraft off of the barge and onto pre-built landing gear pillars, and finally connect electricity, water, and sewer using the normal Boeing ramp connectors. While not easy, this is an achievable project. And in its simplest conceptual form, it's rather straightforward. Ultimately, this project offers more reward than challenge - it's a beneficially asymmetrical project. And I bring experience to this endeavor - in most significant respects I've done this before.
Nippon's last commercial 747-400 was evidently destroyed for components and scrap metal in Tupelo, Mississippi, USA about two years ago, so a native JAL or ANA 747-400 will not be available for this project, alas. So I'll seek a 747-400 from another country which can be retired with a last flight to Nippon or ferried. A promotional partnership with the original airline will be considered as well. Alternately I may be willing to over-paint the aircraft in JAL or ANA colors, in partnership with them of course, but with a vigorously open acknowledgment that the Nippon motif is not meant to suggest it was an ANA or JAL bird, but simply to honor the heritage of Nippon's profound historic connection with the very special 747.
Study of logistics for transport from Miyazaki Kuukou to a home site haven't yet begun, except to observe that Miyazaki Kuukou is adjacent to open water as required, and might have a usable barge docking abutment. We need to find a capable hauling vessel and study all aspects of towing a 747-400 onto it at Miyazaki Kuukou and off of it at a home site. My hope is that this effort will begin soon.
The aircraft's flammable and toxic fluids must be drained at Miyazaki Kuukou to insure that no significant toxic release from the aircraft could occur should it be lost at sea due to accident. It might also be necessary to inert the fuel tanks with nitrogen to eliminate the possibility of a fuel vapor explosion. The aircraft's engines must be removed by proper service procedure at Miyazaki Kuukou as well assuming they have significant economic value, which is likely. All engine related conduits must then be fully sealed.
A search for a suitable home site is under way. I believe it's necessary to consider sites which are rather distant from Miyazaki as acceptable due to the difficulty of finding a more intimate site. If the project captures people's imagination to the extent I think likely, they'll travel to it in significant measure, especially for special events. And an efficiently and elegantly executed project might spawn more, perhaps including one much closer to central Miyazaki. Design and construction of home site infrastructure should be relatively straightforward if water, sewer, and electrical service are available nearby. However, detailed infrastructure planning awaits location of a home site.
An important home site consideration is tsunami or typhoon flood resistance, for which I offer this initial appraisal: Consider the dimensioned drawing from Boeing in their 747-400 Airport Planning Specs document, page 27. The bottom of the fuselage stands 2.16 to 2.47 meters above the base of the landing gear tires. The cargo bay floor stands 2.73 to 3.13 meters above the base of the tires. The main cabin floor stands 4.75 to 5.2 meters above the base of the tires. The upper cabin floor stands 7.55 to 7.94 meters above the base of the tires. The maximum numbers will likely be utilized since the aircraft will contain comparatively very little fuel and, generally, minimal cargo and human load, and the landing gear struts will be inflated to near maximum extension. It might also be suitable to utilize very roughly half meter high pillars to support the landing gear. If so 50 cm should be added to all the figures above to give heights above ground level.
That suggests the floor of the upper deck would stand about 8.44 meters above the ground, a considerable height.
But the larger safety benefit will derive from the sealed nature of the aircraft itself. Jetliner cabins are sealed pressure canisters - stated generally, the cabins of intact aircraft do not leak. In fact they do leak slightly if not actively pressurized. But only modestly, which suggests a suitable pump could reliably bail water faster than it would leak in, and thus keep the entire interior, including the cargo bays, almost completely dry. Or the cabin could be pressurized enough to force all seals to close as they do in ordinary flight. Or both.
A danger is that outside debris, if pushed by water currents with sufficient force, might puncture the fuselage, in which case leakage might become profuse. So in my view it would be wise to install a robust pump, one capable of bailing a rather substantial flow of water, plus a long endurance and well protected internal power source. A native axillary tank should be utilized for fuel (not the largest tanks, such as the wing tanks - they're unnecessarily large and important for flotation). It should be sealed and filled with fuel which is dedicated to an emergency generator which would serve multiple needs, including a robust submersible water pump located in a cargo bay slightly below floor level. Location of the emergency generator should be quite high, or in a highly protected but ventilated location which would reliably remain dry. In my estimation locating it high in the vertical tail might prove to be the most practical design.
The aircraft will be allowed some flexibility so that it can easily withstand even the most powerful earthquakes or some water born tsunami or typhoon debris, yielding somewhat to unusually strong forces to minimize damage. So each landing gear pillar should have a bowl shaped top to allow the aircraft to roam a bit during an earthquake or typhoon, and include an angled lever type tethering column which would allow the aircraft to rise on top of tsunami water and remain flexible for maximum waterborne debris damage resistance, but not drift away. The system would return the aircraft to its pillars as the water recedes. The electrical, water, and sewer service cables and conduits and their support stanchions must be both flexible and automatically stress detachable (this isn't a substantial challenge).
Dry earthquakes and typhoon winds are of minimal concern. The aircraft was superbly designed to withstand far greater forces of impact and winds. Flooding is the only significant danger, and this project will be designed to manage floods very reliably, providing a lifeboat refuge for local people.
Due to salt air exposure, corrosion management logistics are an important consideration. Certain especially vulnerable areas, such as the entire landing gear mechanisms and engine mount infrastructure, will require additional protective coatings which must be applied promptly after site arrival. And a land site with offshore prevailing winds is highly preferable. But in any case perfect corrosion prevention won't be possible - the aircraft will, sadly, have a limited life in a salt air environment. I need to study this issue further. However, I don't consider it a serious threat to the viability of this project at this time.
I'm more grateful than I can express for the support already building around this project. More must be generated of course, until we achieve a tangible sense of traction and momentum - until then we're still just grasping for a secure foothold. But I do feel hopeful - my sense is that we have a good start based upon an at least partially shared vision. I hope we can build upon that until we're in full motion, with nothing left but to actually push all the physical pieces into position.
If we execute this with elegance, skill, and economic efficiency, using a full bird (but sans engines), in my view the results will be truly inspiring. And may lead to some remarkable changes in humanity's utilization of these superb aerospace castles.
And therein lies opportunity for ambitious and vigorous people with exploratory hearts and clear, unimpeded vision...
Additional logistics notes are provided below. I encourage all who may become involved with this project to read and consider them too.
Logistics Notes Addendum:
The following notes are incomplete, but may nonetheless be helpful for anyone who may become involved with this project. As we progress notes like these will expand and evolve, and provide a basis for composition of task specific schedules and checklists:
We must also devise a means to manage the problem of large mass concentration on one side of the barge as the aircraft's towed from the tarmac onto the barge. This problem must be studied....
Miyazaki Kuukou flight operations are of course crucial. Transfer of the aircraft to the barge must be conducted during the night shutdown period. A NOTAM will probably have to be published advising that the airport will be partially obstructed for an extended overnight period.
There must be no risk of failing to complete the transfer to the barge well within the night shutdown period. Thus the transfer must be exceptionally well planned, including redundancies in both equipment and logistics to insure that no unforeseen difficulties can prevent the operation from either concluding or being successfully aborted by towing the aircraft back to a safe location before normal morning kuukou operations begin.
Miyazaki Kuukou officials will be extremely strict with their requirements and expectations, and we must fully meet or exceed all of them with exceptionally high confidence - we must provide complete assurance that we will not impede normal Miyazaki Kuukou operations.
Otherwise, if the aircraft arrives with a full complement of passenger seats, we may consider removing many of them prior to transport to the home site in order to reduce the aircraft's mass. If so they can be transported separately by truck to whatever final destination seems appropriate. But optionally all seats may be left in the aircraft. (However, tentatively I plan to permanently retain only very roughly 25% or fewer of the seats.)
These are just some initial logistics considerations. As work progresses, they'll become more thorough and refined. I eagerly welcome thoughts from everyone about any aspect of the project's logistics of course.
"These results [his experiments] underscore the importance of shedding familiar ways of thinking in order to gain insight, Siegler contends, whether through personal intuitive force or by changing the structure of a problem." Robert S. Siegler of Carnegie Mellon University, as reported by Bruce Bower, Science News, 30 October 1999, Vol 156, No. 18, page 282.
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